Which savory secret will you choose to guard your WordPress kitchen? 🍳 Will you wield the mighty .htaccess spatula, flipping off unwanted access to xmlrpc.php with finesse? Or, will you sprinkle the magical dust of WordPress hooks, enchanting the realm with add_filter( 'xmlrpc_enabled', '__return_false' ); to banish intruders? Unveil the mystery: which method is the gourmet choice for your website’s security, and why? 🧙♂️🔒
Disabling xmlrpc.php using .htaccess and using WordPress hooks like add_filter( 'xmlrpc_enabled', '__return_false' ); are two methods with different implications. Here’s a breakdown of why you might want to use the .htaccess method:
- .htaccess Method: Blocking access to xmlrpc.php through .htaccess completely denies access at the server level. This means that any request to xmlrpc.php will not be processed, making it more secure.
- add_filter Method: This method disables XML-RPC from within WordPress. An attacker could still potentially exploit any vulnerabilities present in the XML-RPC file itself or in the processing of requests by WordPress.
- .htaccess Method: Since it blocks the requests at the server level, it prevents unnecessary loading of WordPress core, saving server resources.
- add_filter Method: WordPress still needs to load to some extent to process the add_filter function, consuming more resources compared to the .htaccess method.
- .htaccess Method: This is more rigid but simpler to implement for those who might not be as comfortable editing PHP files.
- add_filter Method: Offers more flexibility and is more WordPress-native. It is easier to manage programmatically and might be preferred by developers comfortable with PHP and WordPress hooks.
4. Global vs. Local Configuration:
- .htaccess Method: Affects the global server configuration and is not confined to WordPress.
- add_filter Method: This is specific to WordPress and won’t affect any other applications you might be running on the same server.
5. Ease of Implementation:
- .htaccess Method: Might be easier for someone who is not a developer. It’s as simple as pasting a few lines into a file.
- add_filter Method: Requires modifying WordPress PHP files, which might be more daunting for non-developers.
add_filter( 'xmlrpc_enabled', '__return_false' );
add_filter( 'xmlrpc_methods', '__return_empty_array' );
.htaccess code with JetPack IPs:
deny from all
Allow from 18.104.22.168/32
Allow from 22.214.171.124/32
Allow from 126.96.36.199/32
Allow from 188.8.131.52/20
Allow from 184.108.40.206/20
Allow from 220.127.116.11/20
Allow from 18.104.22.168/22
The .htaccess method might be preferred for its robust security and performance benefits, especially in a high-traffic environment. It’s also simpler to implement for non-developers. However, choosing between the two methods ultimately depends on the specific needs and constraints of your WordPress setup and your comfort and familiarity with editing server and WordPress core files.